As teeth are important for oral health, the supporting apparatus of the teeth, i.e. the periodontium, is equally important. A healthy periodontium protects the teeth in the bone, covers the root and neck of the tooth and enables adequate transmission of pressure and forces of chewing and biting. The periodontium consists of: alveolar bone, dental cementum, gingiva and supporting ligament. Periodontology deals with the prevention and therapy of periodontal diseases, and as part of this branch of dentistry, oral medicine is also studied, that is, all changes in the mucous membrane and soft tissues.
Periodontitis, that is, a disease of the supporting apparatus of the teeth, starts precisely from the inflammation of the gingiva, which can be cured as well as prevented. That’s why periodontology also deals with prevention, so this aggressive disease can be prevented with regular and proper oral hygiene. If, however, the supporting apparatus of the tooth deteriorates, surgical procedures are performed, which compensate for the lost bone and cover the exposed root of the tooth and at the same time eliminate the inflammatory process and pockets. Factors that worsen the existing pathological condition and are risk factors for the development of the disease are smoking, stress, alcohol, diabetes…
Improper oral hygiene can lead to a serious infection that can lead to tooth loss. Bacteria in dental caries can cause inflammation of the gums and, in the worst case, even the bone that supports the tooth. Adequate treatment is very important to keep our teeth healthy and prevent periodontal disease.
Periodontal disease includes gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums, which manifests itself through an inflammatory red color, swelling, pain and frequent bleeding when brushing the teeth. Although the gums are sensitive, the teeth are still solid in the bone. At this stage of the disease, there is no irreversible bone loss or other damage. Gingivitis often leads to periodontitis, if it is not treated in a timely manner with adequate methods. Bacteria that are created during inflammation begin to break down the bones and connective tissue of the teeth. The tooth no longer has the support it had before the inflammation and begins to wobble. Periodontal pockets are formed, where batteries continue to accumulate, deepening the pockets and worsening the disease. The result of this disease is loosening and, in the last case, tooth loss.
How to fight with diseases such as periodontal disease? If you suspect that you have a specific problem of this type, contact us as soon as possible for a free examination, so that we can save your teeth in time.
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